DIALYSIS

Kidneys filter human blood to remove wastes and excess fluid. This is a crucial process in the overall functioning of the human body. The urinary system of our body primarily depends on how well the kidney functions. When the kidney fails, there are man-made medical processes that facilitate the mechanical execution of the functions that are normally performed by the kidneys. Dialysis is a process that performs the functions of the kidneys by filtering and purifying blood using a machine. The kidney fails when, according to experts, it functions only 10-15% of its normal functioning. In such situations, dialysis has been used since 1940 to maintain the electrolytes and fluids in balance.

Need for Dialysis

A healthy kidney prevents extra water, impurities ad other wastes from accumulating in the human body. It also regulates levels of chemical elements in the blood which includes sodium, potassium and control blood pressure level. It also improves the calcium absorption by activating a form of vitamin-D. When the kidneys don’t function normally due to damage or disease, salts and other wastes can accumulate in the blood, poison the body and damage other organs.

Types of Dialysis

There are 3 types of dialysis that a nephrologist suggests depending upon the condition of the patient.

  • Hemodialysis : This is the most common form of dialysis which uses a device called hemodialysis which works like an artificial kidney and removes wastes and extra fluid. The process involves removing the blood from the body, purifying it with artificial kidneys in returning the filtered blood into the body through the dialysis machine. To get the blood flowing into the artificial kidney, the doctor creates vascular access through surgery. These entrance point into blood vessels can be any of the three types: the arteriovenous fistula that connects an artery and a vein, the av graft which is a looped tube or the vascular access catheter that is inserted into a large vein in the neck.
  • Peritoneal dialysis is the process that involves implantation of the peritoneal dialysis catheter in the abdomen which filters blood through an abdominal membrane called the peritoneum. During the procedure, a specific fluid flows into the peritoneum called the dialysate. Dialysate absorbs he waste and once the same is drawn out of the bloodstream. It is drained out of the abdomen. The procedure takes place 4 to 6 times a day and takes a few hours to be completed.
  • Continuous renal replacement therapy is primarily used for people with acute kidney failure. This process, also called hemofiltration involves a machine that allies the blood to pass through a tubing. Thereafter a filter removes the wastages from the blood and the blood is returned to the body together with some replacement fluid. The procedure takes 12 to 24 hours and is generally performed every day.

Preparing for Dialysis

Before the first dialysis session takes place, the doctor conducts a small surgical procedure to gain access to the bloodstream by implanting a tube or a device. The patient is usually allowed to return the same day. Other pre-dialysis tips would include wearing comfortable and loose clothes, strictly following doctors instructions as it could include fasting for a certain span of time.

Why choose Blue Bliss Hospital

Blue bliss hospital has a team of expert nephrologists with years of experience in treating kidney diseases and conducting dialysis flawlessly. Each of the doctors and the medical support staff are committed to delivering the best blend of care, cure and cost to our patients. The instruments and equipment used for dialysis are technologically optimised and are regularly reviewed for safety and cleanliness standards. Every dialysis procedure is conducted in a patient-centric approach considering the physical, mental and emotional wellbeing of the patient.